Exercise 2

Activity 4

In groups of three, make a procedural text. Then, tell the class what you have created. Compare with other groups. Some clues below will help you.


  1. The form of the procedural text. (games, recipes, scientific experiment or user  guide/manual)
  2. Materials/ingredients that you need.
  3. Steps of your procedure. (Those include imperative sentence, action verbs, connectors, adverbial phrases.)


Wardiman, Artono., Jahur, Masduki B., dan Djusma, M.Sukirman., (2008). English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School. Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta.


Exercise 1

Activity 1

Read the following text carefully.

Germinating Petunia Seeds

You will need:

  • A packet of petunia seeds
  • A seed tray or small pots
  • Loamy friable soil or potting mix
  • Water
  • Fertilizer.


  1. Fill seed tray with soil.
  2. Incorporate fertilizer into soil.
  3. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil.
  4. Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil. Press firmly.
  5. Spray water to moisten the seed bed.
  6. Place seed tray in warm, sunny position (at least 25 degree C).
  7. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 – 14 days.



Activity 2

Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 1 and mention its features such as action verb, imperative, connector and adverbial.


Activity 3

Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1.

  1. How many days approximately the seeds will germinate?
  2. What should we do after place seed tray in warm, sunny position?
  3. What is the ingredients to germinating petunia seeds?
  4. Where should we put the seed tray?


Wardiman, Artono., Jahur, Masduki B., dan Djusma, M.Sukirman., (2008). English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School. Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta.

Procedure Text

  • Language Function

􀊇 Expressions to show attention

– Oh, I see.

– Tell me more

􀊇 Expressions of admiration

– Wow, that’s marvelous!

– Terrific!

  • Genre of text: Procedure

􀊇 Social function: To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps.

􀊇 Generic structure:

– Goal          : it is contain the purpose of the text. (e.g. : How to make spaghetti).

– Materials   : it is contain of the materials that used in the process.

– Steps         : it is contain of the steps to make something in the goal.

– The frame

– The covering

  1. First of all, nail all the pieces together. Take great care with the hammer.
  2. Next, Place the box in the middle of the rear board, and draw around it in pencil.
  3. After that, add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box….


  • Grammar: Use Simple Present Tense (S+V1)
  • Characteristics of Procedural Text
  • Use imperative sentences. Example: Cut the paper.
  • Use action verbs, such as turn, cut, mix and put.
  • Connector to show chronology, such as then and while.
  • Adverbials to show when or how. Example: For five minutes, two centimetres from the top.


  • Example of procedure text

Beneficial Magnets

You will need:

  • A bowl
  • Clean, dry sand
  • A drinking straw
  • Green paper
  • Sticky tape
  • Cardboard
  • Iron or steel bolt
  • A magnet
  1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
  2. Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island.
  3. To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it.
  4. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand.
  5. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet.



Wardiman, Artono., Jahur, Masduki B., dan Djusma, M.Sukirman., (2008). English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School. Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta.

Report Text


Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyses.

Generic structure

General Classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general.

Description: tells what the phenomenon under discussion; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors.


Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.

The characteristics or language feature

  • Use of general nouns, e.g. hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, e.g. our dog
  • Use of relating verbs to describe features, e.g. Molecules are tiny particles
  • Some use of action verbs when describing behavior, e.g. Emus cannot fly
  • Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, e.g. Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea
  • Use of technical terms, e.g. Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map
  • Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.




Cows are cattle which belong to Bovidae famili and Bovinae upafamili. Cows that have been neutered and are typically used to plow the field named Ox. Cows are cared primarily for the benefit of milk and meat as human food.

Cows have a scientific name as Bos Taurus. Cows have a gestation period of over 274 days. Average cow lifespans is 15 years. The male weight is typically around 1,100 kg, while average females’ weight is about 720 kg.



Please, answer the questions!

  1. What is the benefit of cows as human food?
  2. What is the scientific name of cows?
  3. Who is the cow that have weight around 1,100 kg?
  4. What is the famili of cows?
  5. Do you have cow in your home?